The 21st century is the era of technology. The reasons are apparent. Technology affects many of us in our everyday activities. These activities can be different from person to person. Using your smartphone to send a message, starting your laptop to do your work tasks can be examples. In the area of technology, frontend and backend development plays an immense role. As a definition, web development means developing a website for the World Wide Web or Intranet.

In general, Web development may include various tasks. They may range from creating a simple static page to generating social network services. Also, web developer jobs are among the best jobs in the world right now. Some web developer jobs pay a very high salary. So, if you plan to pursue your career in web development, this article will provide good information to help get you started. We detail the differences between frontend and backend development. After reading this article, you will be able to decide which type of development suits you the best. 

Frontend Development

Together with backend development, frontend development is the primary type of web development. Frontend development is the generation of the parts of websites with which users interact. Due to this, it is called the “client-side” of the application. Frontend development contains everything that users observe on a website. Images, buttons, colors, text styles and color, and more are included. It is the job of frontend developers to fulfill the design, structure, content, and behavior of everything visible in web applications. Among the primary objectives of frontend development, performance, and responsiveness are available. The frontend developer has to make sure that the website is responsive. By responsive, it means the site has to show up accurately in all devices regardless of the screen size. Also, it is essential to note that there are different languages used in frontend and backend development. These are HTML, CSS, and Javascript.

Front-end Development Languages

 Frontend and backend


HTML is the backbone of front end development. No web site will exist without HTML. The abbreviation for it is Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). HTML is not a programming language. It is a markup language for documents to be demonstrated in a web browser. Several technologies, such as Javascript and Cascading Style Sheets can assist it. Web browsers accept HTML documents from a local depot or a web server. After this, they render these details into multimedia web pages. The components of HTML are the building chunks of HTML pages. With the help of HTML, frontend developers can embed the images, constructs, and other objects into the rendered page. Also, by denoting fundamental semantics for text, HTML supplies a method to establish structured documents. 

Besides, in HTML, developers use angle brackets to produce elements that are described by tags. Further, keep in mind that browsers do not show the tags of HTML. Still, they use tags to clarify the content of the page.

Why Do You Need to Know HTML?

As you can see, it is impossible to build a website without HTML. So if you are willing to have a career in web development or web design, it is a must-know language for you. This language can even be useful in other professions, such as marketing. Generated by Tim Berners-Lee in the late 90s, it is still actual for web developers. Now you know the fundamentals of frontend and backend development. Let’s move on to the next language.


CSS is a style sheet language that developers utilize to depict the presentation of a markup language document. Together with HTML and Javascript, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is the essential technology of the internet. Also, you need to know that CSS allows developers to split the content and presentation. It contains fonts, layouts, and colors. As a result of this separation, the accessibility of the material can get better. Apart from this, it can add more control and flexibility in the presentation features. Additionally, this separation would diminish the repetition and complication of the content’s structure. Lastly, with separation, it becomes possible to provide the identical markup page in various styles for different rendering ways. 

For example, it makes this possible for diverse rendering methods such as voice, on-screen, and more. In case the content is looked through a mobile phone, CSS possesses rules for backup formatting. In brief, CSS is another critical language to know if you are interested in frontend and backend development. 


The third primary language for frontend development is JavaScript. It is a high-level, object-oriented programming language with numerous features. They include first-class functions, dynamic typing, and curly-bracket syntax. Also, JavaScript is among the essential software of the internet, together with CSS and HTML. It allows the creation of interactive web pages and is an integral element of web applications. The dominant web browsers own a committed JavaScript engine, and most of the websites utilize it. Frontend developers can create imperative, functional, and event-driven applications with the help of JavaScript. This language does not contain any Input/Output like storage, networking, or graphics resources. 

Nevertheless, JavaScript possesses APIs to work with regular expressions, arrays, dates, text, and the DOM. Also, it was initially fulfilled only client-side in web browsers. But now engines of JavaScript are embedded in many different kinds of host software. These types include non-web programs like PDF, server-side in databases, and web servers. There are runtime environments in this list, too, that contain desktop widgets to write desktop and mobile applications. 

JavaScript and Java

Sometimes, non-developers confuse JavaScript with Java. Now that you are interested in frontend and backend development, you should know the difference. They indeed have some similarities. These similarities include syntax, name, and standard libraries. Still, these two programs are substantially different from each other in terms of design. The languages like Scheme and Self inspired the creation of JavaScript. Moreover, JavaScript is the base language for the JSON serialization format. Also, both of these languages demand various plug-ins. Besides, the code of JavaScript is all text. On the other hand, developers should compile Java codes. The last main difference is JavaScript is a scripting language, while Java is an object-oriented programming language. 

Frontend Development Libraries and Frameworks

 Frontend and backend

You are now familiar with the base of frontend development. Yet, there are some more things you need to know in frontend and backend discussion. These are frontend libraries and frameworks. They are usually used for their ready packages in which standardized code folders and files exist. 

Angular JS

Frontend developers utilize AngularJS for the creation of single-page applications. It is an open-source framework that belongs to JavaScript. AngularJS is a constantly developing and enhancing framework that supplies better methods for web application development. This framework modifies the stagnant HTML to dynamic HTML. Since it is open-source, you can even use it and also alter it if needed. Finally, AngularJS expands HTML aspects with Directives.


jQuery is a library by JavaScript, too. This open-source library eases the communication between a CSS and HTML document. In other words, it makes the interactions simpler between JavaScript and DOM. If we go into detail, jQuery makes the handling of HTML documents simpler. Also, it does the same for Ajax interactions and DOM animations. 


ReactJS is another open-source library by JavaScript. It is a flexible and effective frontend library that is accountable for the application’s depiction layer. At the moment, Facebook owns ReactJS.


SASS is the extension of CSS. It is the most trusted and complete extension language of CSS. The primary use of it is to expand the performance of a site’s CSS. It contains a lot from inheritance to variables. 


Lastly, there is the Bootstrap that we had to mention. It is an open-source and costless instrument collection to generate responsive applications and sites. Bootstrap is considered the most prominent JavaScript, HTML, and CSS framework to build responsive websites. 

Backend Development

 Frontend and backend

The server side of a website is the backend. Backend mainly maintains and arranges data. Also, it ensures that all the things belonging to the customer side of the website works well. It is the section of the site that you are unable to see and interact with. Backend is also part of the software that clients cannot be in contact with. The customers access the features developed by backend through and application of frontend. Furthermore, the backend includes activities like creating libraries, writing APIs, and others. While comparing frontend and backend development, some people consider backend development more challenging. It is due to the fact that in backend development, people spend more time-solving problems and fulfill algorithms. So, backend developers have to know more about the construction of the application. It is understandable as they are the ones who will build the architecture of the application. 

Backend Development Languages


Created by James Gosling in 1991, Java is one of the most used programming languages in the world. Java is also one of the critical languages utilized by backend developers. It is an object-oriented, class-based general-purpose language. Also, Java possesses very few implementation dependencies. Developers may run the Java code anywhere. It means all platforms supporting Java allows Java code to be run on them. Here, developers do not have to recompile the data. Java is quite similar to C and C++ in terms of syntax. The main difference is Java owns fewer low-level facilities compared to both of them. Additionally, Java is designed for backend development people to learn easily. Lastly, it is pretty secure in writing code with Java. 


The following language that you need to know while talking about frontend and backend development in C++. Generated by Bjarne Stroustrup as a continuation of C, it is a general-purpose programming language. Together with its facilities for manipulation of low-level memory, C++ possesses generic, functional, and object-oriented characteristics. The developers can use the C++ code on many platforms. It is because of the fact that in most cases, C++ is implemented as a compiled language. So, a lot of vendors supply C++ compilers. They include Intel, IBM, Oracle, Microsoft, and more. Also, with its performance and flexible and efficient use, C++ appeared with prejudice towards resource-constrained software, large systems, and system programming. Still, the benefits of C++ happen to be available in some other contexts. They include servers, desktop applications, and performance-critical applications. 


The following programming language that we have to mention in the frontend and backend development topic is Python. It is a general-purpose programming language with strong abstraction from computer details. The initial release of Python took place in 1991. The founder is the dutch programmer Guido van Rossum. Python, as a programming language, utilizes off-side rules a lot. The purpose of it is to put a strong emphasis on the readability of code. Backend developers may write sensible, vivid code for small and big-sized projects thanks to Python’s object-oriented approach. Also, Python is a garbage collection aimed at dynamic programming language. Further, it possesses an extensive standard library. Due to this, it is frequently called “batteries included.” Until now, several versions of Python have been released, such as Python 2 and Python 3. Besides, keep in mind that Python 2 will not receive any updates regarding security and improvements after January of 2020. So, just in case you want to learn it, keep this fact somewhere in your mind. In general, Python is the programming language that the significant majority of US universities have included in their syllabus. It is because of its relative ease to learn.


The next important language in our discussion of frontend and backend development in PHP. Rasmus Lerdorf launched PHP in 1994. It is a general-purpose programming language. Rasmus Lendorf originally designed PHP for web development. When first appeared, the abbreviation of PHP was the Personal Home Page. Now it stands for Hypertext Preprocessor. Developers may execute PHP code with a command-line interface. Additionally, they can utilize it in combination with different web frameworks and web template systems. Typically, a PHP interpreter processes the PHP code. Later, the webserver delivers the outcomes of the PHP code that the interpreter handles. Apart from its use on the web, people use PHP in many different tasks. The control of the robotic drone is popular among them. It is worth mentioning that PHP could be expanded on a lot of platforms and operating systems.

Differences Between Frontend and Backend Development

 Frontend and backend

Now you should have a thorough understanding of frontend and backend development. As much as they are different from each other, they are also two parts of a coin. As you can see, the languages that are required from them differ significantly. While developers have to use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript in frontend development, it is different from the backend. The only similarity is JavaScript can be used in backend development, too. But it does not make it the perfect language for backend development. And it is still highly essential for frontend development. Besides this, the frontend is the side of the website in which users can have an interaction. Such interactions include texts, videos, design, graphical user interface, and more. On the other hand, users are not capable of observing anything going on in the backend. Also, users may notice the visual side of the website in the frontend. Again, it is impossible in the case of a backend. 


After reading this article, you would have come away with a greater idea about the differences between frontend and backend development. It also means you have to be able to determine which one of them suits you the best. To summarize, if you are into visualizations, graphics, and aesthetics, then you should go for frontend development. In case you are willing to do more challenging tasks such as implementing intricate algorithms, then you should choose backend development. Also, do not forget that both frontend and backend developers are highly in demand in many countries. Such vacancies usually offer competitive salaries, too. So, it is your call to choose whatever fits you best. If you liked this article, make sure you check the other similar blogs on our page.