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Glossary keyword - IP Address

IP Address

An IP address is a unique number that differentiates one digital device from another on the internet. The address helps smart devices to communicate with each other and pinpoint the exact location of the digital device.

The “IP” stands for “Internet Protocol,” and it has a peculiar function. It defines the guidelines and requirements used to create and transmit information across the internet. An example is the internet traffic route. That way, it’ll be simple to know which digital devices are sending, and receiving what kind of information.

The “address” is a numerical value that acts like a house street address or a phone number. When it’s combined, the IP address works the same as telephone numbers. When a person contacts a user, the phone number identifies who the person is. The IP address does the same thing online.

IPv4

The standard version of the address is Internet Protocol version 4, popularly called IPv4. It contains four numbers with up to three digits, which has a single dot separating the set of figures. Here’s an example: 64.284.332.120. The four numbers can extend from zero to 225.

IPv6

However, years ago, the IPv4 ran out of addresses due to the rapid growth of smart devices and web development. The IPv4 wasn’t designed to carry such load. Fortunately, the Internet Protocol version 6, or IPv6 solved the issue.

The IPv6 offers an unlimited number of addresses that can provide unique addresses along as the internet world exists. The IPv4 provides approximately 4.3 billion addresses, while, in theory, the IPv6 can offer an endless number of unique addresses.

The IPv6 contains eight different groups of four hexadecimal digits. It’s possible to shorten a group that contains four zeros, using a colon in place of the zeros. Here’s an example: 2004:0db7:96b3:0000:0000:6a3e:0402:8442.

According to the Consumer Technology Association, they recommend a user to take adequate steps to protect their IP address to prevent crimes like fraud or identity theft. 

Thanks to DNS, users won’t have to remember each IP address they visit. When a user types a URL into a browser, it searches for the domain name and the corresponding address, sends the user to the site. 

 

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