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Glossary keyword - Server-side scripting

Server-side scripting

Server-side scripting is a proficiency that is in use by web developers to make response systems that can be altered to the individual needs of users on any given website. They do this by adding scripts on web servers. The altering method used here is for the creation of a static web page via a web server. 

Server-side scripting languages can be used to write various scripts. Server side scripting is different from client-side scripting in that client-side scripting uses embedded scripts like JavaScript to run the client-side in web browsers. Nevertheless, both are sometimes used in harmony.


Netscape was the first to introduce the execution of JavaScript for server-side scripting for the Netscape enterprise servers. The introduction took place in December of 1994 right after the introduction of JavaScript for browsers. In early 1995 Fred DuFresne used server-side scripting while developing a web site for Boston MA television station. The patent for the system, which is explained in US patent 5835712, was issued in 1998. The license is now owned by Open Invention Network, which is also commonly known as OIN. As a result of his invention of server-side scripting, Fred DuFresne was given the name “Distinguished Inventor.”


In the past, server-side scripting was implemented using a mix of C programs, shell scripts, and Perl scripts with the use of Common Gateway Interface (CGI). Such scripts were run by the operating system. After the execution of the operating system, the results get sent back to the webserver. Modern web servers can directly implement online scripting languages like ASP, Perl, Ruby, PHP, and JSP via an extension module or web browser. WebDNA, for example, can have its embedded database system through the form of scripting like CGI. 

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